How Clean is Clean?

Currently ADAGE has proposed two Biomass Incinerators utilizing purported “advanced emission controls and technologies” designed to limit hazardous air pollutants. In our evaluation of the documentation, there are significant causes for concern.

The Gretna Biomass Incinerator is the second ADAGE / Duke Energy project announced for the State of Florida and is reported to be exactly the same type (Biomass Incinerator), size (50MW) as the Hamilton County Biomass Incinerator and utilizes the same fuel – woody Biomass from forests and source separated construction wood waste. With that said, the Gretna Biomass Incinerator will also  be capable of producing the same quantity and type of emissions.

ADAGE has not yet filed an application with the DEP for the Gretna Biomass Incinerator Project but it will be posted here as soon as it is available.

Here is the revised application for permit to construct – submitted to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection by ADAGE for the Hamilton County Biomass Incinerator.

Proposed ADAGE Hamilton County 50 MW Biomass Incinerator  – a case study:

“The facility is a Title V or “Major Source” of air pollution because the potential to emit (PTE) of at least one regulated pollutant will exceed 100 TPY. Key regulated pollutants include carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOX), particulate matter (PM/PM10/PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and volatile organic compounds (VOC). ”

The facility is exempt from further permitting and regulatory processes because they fall just below the threshold of 250 Tons Per Year for PSD (Prevention of Significant Deterioration) regulated air pollutants.

“The facility is not classified as a “Major Stationary Source” because it will not have the PTE 250 TPY or more of a PSD regulated air pollutant and is not one of the facility categories with the PSD applicability threshold of 100 TPY as described in Rule 62-210.200, Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.).”

(Source: Page 3 – Technical Evaluation and Preliminary Determination)

The following pollutants are provided by ADAGE in their application for permit to the DEP.

247 Tons Per Year – Particulate Matter
239 Tons Per Year – Particulate Matter 10
233 Tons Per Year – Particulate Matter 2.5
249 Tons Per Year – NOx (Nitrogen Oxide)
246 Tons Per Year – SO2 (Sulfur Dioxide)
248 Tons Per Year – CO (Carbon Monoxide)
40 Tons Per Year – H2SO4 – (Sulfuric Acid Mist)
63 Tons Per Year – VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds)
29 Tons Per Year – F (Fluorides)

Source: Page 63 – Revised Hamilton County Application for Permit

ADAGE can claim that they are “CLEAN” , nonpolluting energy because their “estimate” of 9.7 tons per year is .3 tons shy of the current maximum allowable of 10 tons under current standards for Hydrogen Chloride.

Consider that the Technical Evaluation from the DEP clearly shows on Page 20 that neither ADAGE or the DEP can be sure of the estimates for this pollutant because of ADAGE’s proposed technology being used to monitor the emissions.

“The facility is not a major source of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) because it will not have the potential to emit (PTE) 10 tons per year (TPY) of any single HAP or 25 TPY of all HAP.”

The Revised Hamilton County Application for Permit shows the two regulated sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP):

Hydrogen Chloride – 9.7 Tons Per Year
Hydrogen Flouride – 5.0 Tons Per Year
Total HAP – 21.2

Source: Page 3 – Technical Evaluation and Preliminary Determination
Source: Page 63 – Revised Hamilton County Application for Permit

Even a high school chemistry class would prepare you with the knowledge that when you burn something, Carbon Dioxide (C02) is created in the process. Lobbyists, campaign contributions, politicians and corporations have all put their heads together to make C02 magically disappear by using a simple term known as “Biomass” – and that is the “Carbon Loophole” allowing the “Carbon Neutral” designation that drives the enormous money grab we are witnessing associated with “Wood Fueled Biomass Incinerators”.


  1. Amen! to that!!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: